Tuesday, March 23, 2010

The Aesthetic Movement and Transferware


What is the Aesthetic Movement?

The Aesthetic Movement refers to a period of time in the late 19th century (1870-1900) which was a backlash to the formal Victorian years. 

Artists and writers of the Aesthetic movement period maintained the belief that art should provide refined sensuous pleasure, rather than convey moral or sentimental messages.  They believed that art did not have any didactic purpose; it need only be beautiful. 

Japanese art had a great influence on Aestheticism. Aesthetic interiors were often decorated with Japanese prints, screens, fans and other objects. An appreciation of the art of Japan is seen in the work of many Aesthetic artists and designers such as James McNeill Whistler and E.W. Godwin.

photo credit Country Living




The Aesthetes developed the cult of beauty, which they considered the basic factor in art. They ascertained that life should copy art and considered nature as crude and lacking in design in comparison. The main characteristics of the movement were: suggestion rather than statement, sensuality, massive use of symbols, and effects of correspondence between words, colors and music.


Aesthetic movement pieces which range from furniture to pottery are characterized by several common themes:
  • Ebonized wood with gilt highlights
  • Japanese influence
  • Prominent use of nature, especially flowers, birds, ginko leaves, and peacock feathers.
  • Earthenware, porcelain and china.
  • Literature


The Aesthetic Movement  influenced transferware designs of Asian styled scenes with asymmetric, bold and geometric patterns.  Oftentimes the Aesthetic Movement pieces will have a scene inset on the piece like this very large, unmarked, Circa 1880's platter.  Note the two borders of differing geometric patterns, three circular insets each having geometric patterns and the semi-circular arch containing butterflies and bamboo.  To the left is the inset scene of a windmill.  This piece has a hand painted border of aqua around the edge and each circle has color.



Brown is probably the most common color found in Aesthetic pieces though blue, green, red/pink, black and purple may also be found in these styles.  Some are hand painted in areas (hand enameled, clobbered or hand painted/polychrome) over the transfer, adding color.

 Two years ago, Country Living Magazine named Aesthetic Transferware as one of the top collectibles.  

Part of my collection is this 1880's figural pitcher by Ridgway in a pattern called Vistas.  It has an unusual, Asian styled dragon handle and is decorated with scenic insets onto the botanical background of bamboo and sunflowers.

 Sunflowers were the most popular Aesthetic motif.  With its bold colour and simple flat shape the flower had great appeal for Aesthetes.
Below is a stunning clock in blue and white with a sunflower motif'

This is a Sunflower themed platter in the Marlborough pattern by D B & Co (Dunn & Bennett)with a registration date of Feb 12, 1883.  I sold this piece about a year ago.  I think it's just beautiful! Don't you?

Here is a stunning, hand carved table representing furniture of both the Aesthetic and Victorian times with a Sunflower motif.  Note the incredible carved legs, skirt and ball and claw feet.


I put this Aesthetic set in brown and white together (Purchase HERE)

Female followers of the Aesthetic Movement dressed in distinctive loose, flowing garments in subtle colours, which were modelled on medieval styles. Fashionable men favoured velvet suits with knee breeches.

 
The poet and writer Oscar Wilde was the leading personality of the Aesthetic Movement. He promoted the philosophy of 'art for art's sake' in a series of lectures in America and Britain. Wilde was a famous dandy and wit. He is best known for plays such as Lady Windermere's Fan, The Importance of Being Earnest and The Picture of Dorian Gray, which was later turned into a novel. In 1895, at the height of his success, Wilde was tried and imprisoned for homosexuality. With his downfall the Aesthetic Movement lost its popularity.
Oscar Wilde in knee breeches 
 photo credit: National Portrait  Gallery, London

 


The peacock feather, previously thought to be a symbol of bad luck, became an icon of the Aesthetic style. Its use as a motif confirmed Aestheticism's reputation for decadence.
A large blue and white charger with a Peacock motif

Two different Peacock plates by Spode
The Peacock Room (below) was designed in 1876 -1877 for the London home of F.R. Leyland. Architect and designer Thomas Jeckyll adapted a dining room in the house to accommodate Leyland's collection of blue and white porcelain and a painting by James McNeill Whistler.  Whistler was an American-born artist and an important figure in the Aesthetic movement. In his paintings Whistler aimed to express mood and atmosphere through simple shapes, fluid brushstrokes and subtle colors. Whistler and his fellow Aesthetes believed that art was an end in itself, with no wider moral or social implications.

Whistler felt that the décor of Leyland's room did not suit his painting and without his patron's knowledge he painted the entire room deep blue and gold and covered the window shutters and one of the walls with huge, glorious peacocks.
The Peacock Room, photo courtesy of the Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian  Institution, Washington


I recently acquired this huge red/pink wash pitcher (wish I had the basin as well).  I've placed it next to a decanter to give you an idea of how big it is.  I just love this piece!  It has a thin branch with acorns and oak leaves with the branch extending down and framing the pastoral scene below.  The handle has a geometric design.  This was made by J F Wileman of Staffordshire and the pattern is entitled Lake Scenery.

This handled cake platter by Grindley in the Daffodil pattern hangs in the powder bath of my home along with some other brown and white plates and platters.

Here is a pretty blue piece called Warwick by J Dimmock & Co circa 1880 (PURCHASE HERE)
My Aesthetic green platter that hangs in the Master Bath, in the Richmond pattern, circa 1880's



Here are some other Aesthetic Movement pieces.  Some are for sale (you click the link above each if interested).  These will help concrete your idea of what the Aesthetic pieces look like.

Japanesque Vase (PURCHASE HERE)


A colorful grouping of plates and a matching platter depicting flowers, water fowl, birds and Asian influenced floral designs with geometric borders.
The Aesthetic style favored strong, simple colors. Bright blues, greens and especially yellows were very popular. Such colors were used in domestic interiors, often in combination with black furniture. Black was also a dominant color of Aesthetic-style graphic arts.


Below is an olive/loden green platter by Furnivals, dating between 1891-95 (PURCHASE HERE and read more information)

A beautiful brown, 17"  platter by T. Elsmore & Son of Tunstall England.  The registration mark dates to May 14, 1878 (PURCHASE HERE...there are three sizes available)

 A rare and lovely, tab handled, hand clobbered compote by Spode.  Available HERE

Another piece by Grindley in the pattern entitled Spring, 1886 (PURCHASE HERE) In the background is a platter entitled Beatrice.


This piece sold a few months back.  It is by Doulton's and the pattern is called Oxford.  It's a desirable piece in a rich, chocolate brown.

Spode Primrose Plate in Red

A Wedgwood butter pat in the Edinburg pattern

Handled butter tray


An unusual dipping bowl with a dragonfly motif in blue
I've linked up to Toot Your Horn Tuesday, RED-nesday, Show and Tell Friday and Market Yourself Monday

31 comments:

  1. Nancy, I am drooling over all your dishes. I luuve the spring tureen. I nver thought of putting blue and brown transferware together, but that one picture really looks cool. Smiles, Marla

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  2. Marla, If you like the blue and brown see this post: http://nancysdailydish.blogspot.com/2010/03/blue-and-brown-floral-transferware.html
    Thanks for dropping by!

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  3. Great post with lots of interesting information and beautiful dishes! I live in house built in 1883, so I especially loved this!

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  4. Nancy,
    Thanks for all the info. As I have said before, you have the most beautiful collection of transferware I have ever seen.

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  5. Lovely transferware, Nancy! The green is lovely but my favourites are the reds; love the plates and that little cow pitcher! Not to mention the wash pitcher! Thanks for sharing.

    Blessings,
    Sandi

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  6. Hi Nancy,
    Thank you for stopping by my blog and saying hi, it's nice to meet you! You have a beautiful blog!
    ~Kelli

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  7. What an interesting and informative post! Thanks so much for sharing this information. I love the first image and have bookmarked this post!

    Thanks also for visiting-I look forward to coming back again soon.

    Best wishes,
    Natasha.

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  8. All your dishes are amazing. This was a sweet treat to view right before bed. Now I'll be dreaming of beautiful dishes all night , which is fine with me..
    Sonny

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  9. Oh, my! They're all so gorgeous!

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  10. This is so interesting. I really enjoyed the information on the Aesthetic Movement and I love this kind of china. I love the pictures within the plate, like framed prints. I had seen this on plates but didn't know the history.
    Thank you....

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  11. Thank you Nancy for sharing your incredible knowledge and superb Staffordshire transferware. I have lived in Staffordshire all my life and am an avid collector of Blue and White transferware, but I've learnt such a lot this morning.

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  12. Nancy, I thought I was a dish lover girlie!! You are an educated dish lover. What a gorgeous post. Love every single fact and piece. Love, love, love the way you incorporate your passion into your everyday world. Love that you built a business up from your passion. Blessings

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  13. Wow, what an amazing collection of plates! I especially love how you've hung many of them on the wall. They look gorgeous, and they are out for you to see and enjoy!
    Happy REDnesday!
    Carol

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  14. This was such an interesting post. I think I could listen to a whole lecture about transferware. :-) I really like the little butter pat (3rd from the end) with the little birds on the branch.

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  15. What a tantalizingly interesting post!! I enjoyed seeing your beautiful dishes and china!! ALL are so gorgeous!! And I am loving that table that you showed!!
    Debbie

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  16. Hi Nancy,

    I enjoyed this interesting lecrture very much because there is very seldom some information about this theme.

    Thank you very much.

    Lovely regards, Johanna

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  17. Fabulous collection! I so love the history of things, especially dish patterns. This was so educational and enjoyable. Thank you so much!

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  18. Beautiful collection...my favorite is the Spode Primrose and the dragonfly dipping bowl.
    Thanks for the information you left me the other day.

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  19. Very informative -- things I never knew. And I do love transferware! Thank you.

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  20. That was such a good post, very informative and your dish collection is amazing!!!

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  21. Thank you for writing about our favorite subject! We would like to welcome your readers to visit our website www.aesthetictransferware.com offering more than 700 winsome and whimcial pieces of English pottery from the Aesthetic Movement. Thank you for writing about our favorite subject!

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  22. I am so glad to find your website, Nancy! We inherited a lot of brown transferware from my in-laws. All 6-7 boxes are in storage while we find a bigger place to display them properly. Love them but did not know much about transferware. Always wondered why they had a lot of Asian motif but mostly made in England in the 1800's.

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  23. The Aesthetic has always been my favorite period of transferware. I gather you saw the recent Antique Trader article as well. I love your selections! Wonderful!
    Ruth

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  24. Thank you for the info on aestherics transferware. I've seen some here in the antique store, but haven't bought it...next time. I will buy a complete set from you, not the most expensive ones as to be sent down here is very expensive. Hugs,
    FABBY

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  25. What a fantastic post. :D I heard about you from Debra at Common Ground. I am your newest follower!

    Please visit me, too!

    xo,
    Ricki Jill

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  26. Hi Nancy,
    You have a lovely collection. Thanks for the history lesson. It was interesting.

    ♥charlotte

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  27. Nancy, thank you for all of the information in this post. I am an interior designer with a background in architecture and furniture history. I am just starting to learn and collect decorative dishware so I have read and reread your post try to soak everything in. Thanks again for sharing your knowledge of these wonderful pieces~Penny

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    1. Hi Penny,

      You're more than welcome! This is one of my passions, so it is entirely a pleasure for me to share some of what I know about transferware! I am still, and always, learning more.

      Thanks so much for stopping by,

      Nancy

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  28. Hello, I enjoyed looking at the collection very much! I was originally looking for any information on a Doulton pattern "Kudos", and it seems to follow your description of Aesthetic movement, with Asian influence..it is a pond scene, a fish looks up at a dragonfly above the water, it is just so intriguing to me. I have 3 dinner plates and a soup tureen, just looking for any other pieces or info. Love how your pieces are displayed, to enjoy.

    Holly in Vermont

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    1. Hi Holly,

      Yes, the Kudos pattern is from the Aesthetic Movement. I have only seen this pattern a couple of times. What I've seen have been brown (no color). Is that what yours is? I'd love to see photos. You can email them to me through my blog (top right of my sidebar) or through my Etsy shop www.wnglishtransferware.etsy.com

      Thanks for stopping by!

      Nancy

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  29. Holly, We collect Kudos. Any chance you would sell the dinner plates.? John McDonough davidbrownfarm@comcast.net

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I love hearing from my readers. I appreciate the time you take to post a comment and I read them all.